Однажды один человек потерял топор и первым, что он начал делать - это искать виновного - того, кто мог украсть у него топор. Посмотрев на соседского сына, он увидел в нем вора.
Человеку даже показалось, что у мальчика очень виноватый вид. Но мальчик был ни в чем не виноват, просто мужчина забыл где оставил последний раз свой топор.
The Stolen Ax
A woodcutter went out one morning to cut some firewood and discovered that his favorite ax was missing. He couldn't find it anywhere. Then he noticed his neighbor's son standing near the woodshed. The woodcutter thought, "Aha! That boy must have stolen my ax. I see how he lurks about the shed, shifting uneasily from foot to foot, greedy hands stuffed in his pockets, a guilty look on his face. I can't prove it, but he MUST have stolen my ax."
A few days later the woodcutter was surprised and happy to come upon the ax under a pile of firewood. "I remember now," he said, "Just where I'd left it!"
The next time he saw his neighbor's son, the woodcutter looked intently at the boy, scrutinizing him from head to toe. How odd, he thought, somehow this boy has lost his guilty look . . .
Слова сказки с переводом и транскрипцией:
Даосская притча на русском языке:
Пропал у одного человека топор. Подумал он на сына своего соседа и стал к нему приглядываться: ходит — как укравший топор, глядит — как укравший топор, говорит — как укравший топор; словом, каждый жест, каждое движение выдавали в нём вора.
Но вскоре тот человек стал вскапывать землю в долине и нашёл свой топор. На другой же день снова посмотрел на сына своего соседа: ни жестом, ни движением не походил он на вора.
Видео ролик, в котором кратко рассказывается о китайской философии - даосизме:
Текст видео на английском:
Taoism is a philosophy from ancient China. It's not known for sure how old Taoism is, but it could be as much as 4700 years. Ancient China developed an advanced civilization well ahead of Europe and went through a "Golden Age of Philosophy" while much of Europe was still tribal.
Compared to all the other philosophies of the world, Taoism is very simple, practical and easy to comprehend. Taoism is the only philosophy of antiquity with a sense of humour. As a rule, the ancient Chinese did not approve of complex philosophies and always kept their sacred texts very relevant. Being based on diagrams, Chinese text is very concrete, making all the Chinese philosophies very direct with very little room for speculation or assumptions.
The ancient Taoists based their philosophy on their observations of the most reliable thing known to them, Nature. The ancient Taoists saw that Nature had a circular flow that kept everything in balance. They noticed that everything had a necessary and corresponding opposite. From this observation came the concept of the yin-yang. The yin-yang motif symbolizes the natural balance of opposites, such as life and death; male and female; night and day; good and evil.
The Taoists understood the importance of the natural balance of opposites. They understood that life would be far more peaceful and more rewarding if they didn't resist Nature's circular flow. They saw that when one resisted and opposed Nature, life became unnecessarily complex and this would lead to a life of stress and unhappiness.
Taoism is about completely identifying with Nature and not resisting the natural processes. Taoists understand that everything in Nature is designed to succeed and by identifying fully with Nature one could live a life of contentment. Taoists believe Nature and the Universe are following an intelligent pattern and this pattern of intelligence they called the Tao.
The Taoists didn't see Nature or the Universe as something that required a controller or a boss. They saw Nature and the Universe as something that takes care of itself. Apart from a total trust in the wisdom of Nature and the Universe, there is nothing else a Taoist must believe. Every Taoist is in a position to trust their intuition and interpret the teachings of Nature for themselves.
Apart from behaving in accordance with Nature and trusting your own true nature, there is nothing a Taoist must do. There are no rituals; no special diets; no costumes; no gurus; no donations; or any other wacky stuff.
Taoism teaches us that there is nothing wrong in simply being our natural selves and therefore Taoism is free from rules or restrictions. Nature has provided us with the intuition and everything else we need to survive. All any of us need to do is trust the process of Nature.
About twenty-five percent of the population sneeze when they are exposed to light.
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