demonstrative-pronouns-1Указательные местоимения в английском языке представлены следующими: this (these), that (those), such, (the) same.

1. This и that имеют схожее значение, но this используется для обозначения чего-то более близкого во времени и пространстве, that, соответственно более далекого. Оба они могут относиться как к одушевленным, так и к неодушевленным предметам. В предложении указательные местоимения this и that могут выступать в роли подлежащего, сказуемого, дополнения и определения.

This fellow is a smart one. Этот парень довольно умен.

I didn’t know about that accident. Я не знал о том происшествии.

Местоимение that может выступать в роли слова-заменителя

His manners were those of a gentleman. Его манеры были манерами джентльмена.

2. В предложении местоимение such выполняет функцию подлежащего, сказуемого, дополнения или определения

Such behavior is unacceptable; we must figure something out

Такое поведение недопустимо; мы должны что-то придумать.

3. Местоимение same всегда используется с определенным артиклем the:

It was rather unusual to get in the same situation twice a day.

Было довольно необычно попасть в ту же самую ситуацию дважды за день.

Местоимение в английском языке


English Joke

A very elderly couple is having an elegant dinner to celebrate their 75th wedding anniversary. The old man leans forward and says softly to his wife, “Dear, there is something that I must ask you. It has always bothered me that our tenth child never quite looked like the rest of our children. Now I want to assure you that these 75 years have been the most wonderful experience I could have ever hoped for, and your answer cannot take all that away.
But… I must know, did he have a different father?”
The wife drops her head, unable to look her husband in the eye, she paused for moment and then confessed: “Yes. Yes he did.”
The old man is very shaken, the reality of what his wife was admitting hit him harder than he had expected. With a tear in his eye he asks, “Who?… Who was he? Who was the father?”
Again, the old woman drops her head, saying nothing at first as she tried to muster the courage to tell the truth to her husband. Then, finally, she says, “You”.