Краткие относительные придаточные предложения в английском языке - видео урок

В кратких относительных придаточных предложениях (иногда их называют прилагательными) опущено относительное местоимение who/which и связующий глагол. Это происходит в следующих случаях.

– одновременно-продолжительное действие

I was awakened by wolves which were howling = I was awakened by wolves howling – Меня разбудил волчий вой

страдательный залог

None of the people who were injured in the accident can leave the hospital = None of the people injured in the accident can leave the hospital – Никто из пострадавших в аварии не может покинуть больницу

вводный оборот

Are there dogs which are wandering around outside? = Are there dogs wandering around outside? – На улице разгуливают собаки?

Is there a car which is parked next to mine? = Is there a car parked next to mine? – Рядом с моей машиной кто-нибудь ещё припарковался?

При этом в кратких относительных причастие можно без ущерба для смысла переставлять перед предыдущим существительным.

I was awakened by howling wolves

None of the injured people can leave the hospital

Are there wandering dogs outside?

Is there a parked car next to mine?


English Joke

A man calls a company and orders their 5-day, 10 lb. weight loss program.
The next day, there’s a knock on the door and there stands before him a voluptuous, athletic, 19 year old babe dressed in nothing but a pair of Nike running shoes and a sign around her neck.
She introduces herself as a representative of the weight loss company.
The sign reads, “If you can catch me, you can have me.”
Without a second thought, he takes off after her.
A few miles later huffing and puffing, he finally gives up.
The same girl shows up for the next four days and the same thing happens.
On the fifth day, he weighs himself and is delighted to find he has lost 10 lbs. as promised.
He calls the company and orders their 5-day/20 pound program.
The next day there’s a knock at the door and there stands the most stunning and beautiful woman he has ever seen in his life.
She is wearing nothing but Reebok running shoes and a sign around her neck that reads, “If you catch me you can have me.”
Well, he’s out the door after her like a shot.
This girl is in excellent shape and he does his best, but no such luck.
So for the next four days, the same routine happens with him gradually getting in better and better shape.
Much to his delight on the fifth day when he weighs himself, he discovers that he has lost another 20 lbs. as promised.
He decides to go for broke and calls the company to order the 7-day/50 pound program.
“Are you sure?” asks the representative on the phone. “This is our most rigorous program.”
“Absolutely,” he replies, “I haven’t felt this good in years.”
The next day there’s a knock at the door; and when he opens it he finds a huge muscular guy
standing there wearing nothing but pink running shoes and a sign around his neck that reads,”If I
catch you, you are mine!!!”
He lost 63 pounds that week.