Побудительный оборот со страдательным и герундием - видео урок

Представьте, что вы пришли в кино и во время показа болтаете с друзьями, что-то им нашёптывая. Привычки обычно описываются герундием.

to enjoy + герундий

I enjoy talking during movies = I like to talk when a movie’s happening – Люблю болтать на кинопоказе

to be accustomed to + герундий

I’m accustomed to talking then = I have a habit to chat during a movie – Я привык разговаривать в кинотеатре

Болтать в кино невежливо и вас просят помолчать побудительным оборотом.

to make smb. do smth.

When I talk, my friend makes me shut up = During my chat my friend tells me to be quiet – Когда я забалтываюсь, мой друг заставляет меня замолчать


Побудительный оборот в страдательном залоге:

лично-временная форма to be + прошедшее причастие побудительного глагола + инфинитив с to

When I talk, my friend makes me shut up = I’m made to shut up – Мне прикрывают рот

При пассивизации лексемы to be accustomed to doing smth. герундием становится being от to be – единственное добавление к предыдущему обороту.

I’m not accustomed to being made to shut up = I’m not used to being made to shut up – Я не привык, что меня затыкают


English Joke

A blonde, wanting to earn some money, decided to hire herself out as a handyman-type and started canvassing a wealthy neighborhood. She went to the front door of the first house and asked the owner if he had any jobs for her to do.

“Well, you can paint my porch. How much will you charge?”

The blonde said, “How about 50 dollars?” The man agreed and told her that the paint and ladders that she might need were in the garage. The man’s wife, inside the house, heard the conversation and said to her husband, “Does she realize that the porch goes all the way around the house?”

The man replied, “She should. She was standing on the porch.”

A short time later, the blonde came to the door to collect her money.

“You’re finished already?” he asked. “Yes,” the blonde answered, “and I had paint left over, so I gave it two coats. “Impressed, the man reached in his pocket for the $50. “And by the way,” the blonde added, “that’s not a Porch, it’s a Ferrari.”