В этом уроке мы поговорим о правильном использовании косвенной речи (reported speech) в английском языке.
Косвенная речь используется тогда, когда мы говорим о чем-то, что сказал кто-то другой.
Для этого мы берем оригинальное предложение и изменяем его время на одно назад (в прошлое).
Рассмотрим использование непрямой речи на примере глагола «to be»:
|Original sentence||Reported speech|
|You are smart.||He sad you were smart.|
|He is a teacher.||He told me he was a teacher.|
|She is beautiful.||He told me she was beautiful.|
|It is broken.||He told me it was broken.|
|They are tired.||He told me they were tired.|
Рассмотрим теперь использование косвенной речи для разных времен оригинального предложения:
|Original sentence||Indirect speech|
|Present Simple ->||Past Simple|
|They live in Russia.||He told me they lived in Russia.|
|Present Continuous ->||Past Continuous|
|They are living in Russia.||He told me they were living in Russia.|
|Past Simple ->||Past Perfect|
|They lived in Russia.||He told me they had lived in Russia.|
|Past Continuous ->||Past Perfect Continuous|
|They were living in Russia.||He told me they had been living in Russia.|
|Future Simple ->||Future in the Past|
|They will live in Russia.||He told me they would live in Russia.|
A musical director was having a lot of trouble with one drummer. He talked and talked and talked with the drummer, but his performance simply didn’t improve.
Finally, before the whole orchestra, he said, «When a musician just can’t handle his instrument and doesn’t improve when given help, they take away the instrument, and give him two sticks, and make him a drummer.»
A stage whisper was heard from the percussion section: «And if he can’t handle even that, they take away one of his sticks and make him a conductor.»